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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (sent from abused email account)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 28 Jan 2011 15:05:48 -0800
Subject: Inheritance!

I am Andrew Tidbury Esq. Principle partner, Andrew Tidbury Chambers, London-United Kingdom. A personal attorney to the Late Rolf Hoffmann, Who was a renowned Philanthropist; a businessman of an international repute, property developer and an art collector.

On behalf of my late client, Mr. Rolf Hoffmann , Executors and trustee of his Estates, I write to notify you that you are bequeathed the sum of twelve million, thirty thousand United States Dollars ($12,030,000.00) in the codicil to his Will and last testament, for Charity works and humanitarian service. His will was read at Her majesty's Crown Court Probate Division(Registry)uk. December 6th, 2009, as the law stipulates, and it is in execution.

You are hereby required by this notification to Confirm your ownership to this Legacy. l shall detail you on the procedure in benefiting this upon the receipt of your response via the email address:,

A telephone call would be as well appreciated;
Tel +44 70457 46888
+44 702 402 7502
Yours in Service,
Andrew Tidbury Esq

Anti-fraud resources: