fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447024084096 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Anthony Gold Esq." (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 30 Jan 2011 02:07:22 +0100
Subject: Reminder: Urgent Respond
ANTHONY GOLD ASSOCIATE
1 Woolworth Road
London SW16 1BG
Tel: +44 702 408 4096
Fax: +44 844 774 1575
NOTIFICATION OF CLAIM
I write as a solicitor in respect of my client who died mysteriously in a motto accident and is yet to be proven as your relative. As the sole executor of his WILL, it is his wish that I notify you the following.
1. That my client wrote a WILL in favour of his relative before his death.
2. That the said man according to my record has a deposit sum of 9.4m Euros in his bank account.
3. And that I am willing to assist you make this claim with all the necessary legal backup and due process.
4. But that you will have to forward to me as a matter of fact your personal data and any form of identification for proper verification.
According to WILL policy you are now advised to forward us the below for confirmation and commerce the process of your claim:
(1) FULL NAME
(2) FULL ADDRESS
(9) BIRTH CERTIFICATE
(10) PASSPORT OR OTHER
(11) BANK DETAILS (IF POSSIBLE)
I anticipate your maximum cooperation.
Anthony Gold Esq.
Tel: +44 702 408 4096