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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "UK National Lottery" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 29 Jan 2011 07:19:55 +0100
Subject: Congratulations!!!

Winning Notification
REFERENCE #: UKL/478593G9/19
EMAIL TICKET #: 5643776545641
Cash on Email file: £850,000.00

Dear Email Owner,

This e-mail is to congratulate you as your email address have
won you a cash prize of £850,000.00
(Eight Hundred And Fifty Thousand Pound Sterling) in our Online
Lottery Sweepstakes Promotion held in London January 2011.

14 - 17 - 20 - 43 - 47 - 49 / BONUS (31)

To file your claims, contact;

Agent: Mr. David Morgan
Phone: +447031870719

Yours faithfully,
Lorraine Dodds
Online Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: