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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Brien Dennis" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 10 Feb 2011 17:35:31 +0100
Subject: Trust!

I am the Business Manager Bank of Ireland in London.Your partnership is required to enable me transfer some funds(12 Million GBP) to your account for both of us. I am open for negotiation in terms of your percentage so far you put in your utmost attention and sincerity due to the nature of this transaction. I assure all documents to back you up will be provided by me. Please respond to me via email for more details.Please if you are interested do respond back to me via my personal email:

Best Regards,
Brien Dennis

Anti-fraud resources: