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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ukrainian Government <>
Date: Thu, 10 Feb 2011 12:45:04 -0800 (PST)

Attention Please,

I, Viktor Yanukovych, Prezydent Ukrayiny, has this day, 28.12.2010 19:11 signed some number of laws which include the approval of your own case. See this page (

Concerning you, I have signed a number of cheques which allows you to receive the sum of 6,000,000 (six million euros) as a winning price in the latest Ukrainian government sponsored lottery for the new year bonus which you emerged as one of the lucky five (5) winners.

Please be notified that we are not racists or discriminate in anyway, thus we have made these selection from five (5) continents: Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Australia.

In respect of this, I am mandating you to forward your full data which include the following:

Your full name:




phone number and country:

to Hillary Rodham Clinton Secretary of State Kyiv, Ukraine for screening and payment on this email: or

I was impressed to learn that one of the winners with this email address has received the total aforementioned sum ( easily.

Please follow the sincere instructions of my secretary as I and my entire government wish you all the best in this new year and a big congratulations!

The president,

Ukrainian government,

Viktor Yanukovych.

Anti-fraud resources: