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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BHiew Yuen Loong <>
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2011 07:28:58 -0800
Subject: Re: Letter To You

I am Barr. Hiew Yuen Loong , A deceased client of mine, that shares the same last
name as yours,who died as the result of a heart-related condition in
March 12th 2005.His heart condition was due to the death of all the
members of his family in the tsunami disaster on the 26th December 2004 in
Sumatra Indonesia.

You can reach me on ( ) for more information as my
late Client has a deposit of $17,500,000.00 Million Dollars left behind.

Best Regard
Barr.Hiew Yuen Loong
(Attorney at Law).
TEL: +60172718538 / 011 601 72718538

Anti-fraud resources: