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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "EURO LOTTO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2011 03:21:07 +0100
Subject: ***BULK*** Online Lotto.

Online Lotto.

Your email address has won you (One Million Euro) from Online Lotto, all
the E-mail addresses were selected from a data base of internet E-mail
users, which your E-mail address came out as the winning coupon.

Contact our claims Agent below with
your Winning number: WINNING NUMBER: OL/656/020/012.

Online Lotto Agency.
Miss. Gillian Rowland.
Director of winning claim department.
Tel: +31-622-915-948


Mrs. Eva Johnson.
Promotion Award Co-Coordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: