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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "BANK OF GHANA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 8 Feb 2011 07:20:26 -0000

Central Business District,
Ridge Areana Capital Territory,
Accra. Ghana
Our Ref: BOG/OHG/OXD1/2011

ATTN: Sir/Madam,


Definitely, I know that this letter will be a surprising one to you. Firstly, I will like to introduce myself formally as Mr. Bekoe Amissh-Arthur, The Executive Governor of The BANK OF GHANA (BOG).You

are being officially contacted by me today because your Unpaid Funds were Re-deposited into the "Republic Suspense Account" of BOG last week because you did not complete your Claim as the Rightful

Beneficiary. Well known to all, The BANK OF GHANA is the Head Bank of all commercial Banks here in Ghana.

I was visited in my office TODAY by Two Foreigners, really these gentlemen were unexpected by me because their visit was impromptu had to ask them why they came to see me in person and they said

that they came to collect your Inheritance/Contract funds bill sum of US$11.5 Million which rightfully belongs to you as shown in your file with us, on your behalf and by your authorization.

Note that they actually tendered some vital documents which proved that you actually sent them for the collection of these funds. Below is the list of the documents which they tendered to this bank


1. Letter of Administration.
2. High court Injunction.
3. Order to release.

Due to the nature of my job, I cannot afford to make any mistake in releasing these funds to anyone except you who is the recognized true beneficiary to these funds. I Finally, I told them to come back

Next Week so that I can verify this from you first. Kindly clarify us on this issue if they are from you before we make this Payment to them.

Note that for security reasons you have been assigned a code/password which is {TT72071BOG}, please note that this code is the reference number for your transfer and it’s being disclosed to you alone,

Guard this jealously and all your email response should carry this code as the subject. Contact me immediately with your phone number via email: ( ) and you can reach me on

Note clearly that even your funds that has been pending in Nigeria for so long was also moved to us to immediate disbursement, this was due to the fact that the competence of the Nigeria officials is
Threaten by some unscrupulous individual with the intention of extorting money from people without doing the required work. i assure you that this will not be your portion.

I will be waiting to hear from you soon.

Yours Faithfully,

Mr. Bakoe AMissh Arthur.
Head of Payment Committee,
Bank of Ghana

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