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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Davidson J. Zuma." <>
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2011 02:41:21 -0700 (MST)
Subject: Partnership Proposal

Dear Sir,

I am Dr. Davidson J. Zuma, formally the production manager Eskom Company
South Africa.

However, I have resigned and want to establish any type of machinery tools
devices under my own registered company. I have the sum of Fifteen Million
Five Hundred Thousand {US$15.5M} united states dollars to invest. How can
I come in contact with you in partnership/investment transaction? How can
you assist me in investing the money in your country or anywhere else in
the world?

Thanks for your faithful co-operation.

Dr. Davidson J. Zuma.

Anti-fraud resources: