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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Mrs Luisa Estrada" <>
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2011 06:46:44 -0500 (PET)
Subject: re profiling funds


I am Dr Mrs Luisa Estrada,70 yrs old,wife of former head of state and
President of Philippines) I have a sensitive, confidential brief and I am
asking for your partnership in re- profiling
funds($18,000,000.00USD).What I require from you is your honest
co-operation and I guarantee that this will be executed under a
legitimate arrangement that will protect you and I from any breach of the
law. Please accept my apologies,keep my confidence and disregard this
email if you do not appreciate this proposition I have offered you. All
confirmable documents to back up this fund shall be made available to you
by my son who you will be replying to,as soon as I receive your reply via
( my son shall let you know what is
required of you.

Regards From
Dr Dr Mrs Luisa Estrada

Anti-fraud resources: