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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: dr_adeniji_olu_cbn <>
Date: Fri, 11 Feb 2011 05:19:51 -0800 (PST)

Happy new year to you and your family.
I am very sorry for contacting you very late as i travelled down town with my family during christmax and new year to celebrate with my relations over there.
Meanwhile, your payment draft of $3.7musd was approved by Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) before the xmas holiday by the Office of the Presidency but i did not receive the copy which i was surposed to sent to you so that you can confirm it in your bank first before the hard copy of the your payment by draft will be mailed to your address.
Yesterday, i spoke with the man incharge of your confirmable payment draft of $3.7musd and he told me that i should imform you  that it will be  forward to you this week so that you can confirm it in your bank before the hard copy of the draft shall be sent to your address as to enable you receive your funds from your local bank.
I will try my best possible to make sure that i send you a copy of it by this  and the moment you receive it you have to proceed to your bank immediately for confirmation to be sure if it is genue or not before we can now send you your hard copy.
Please you have to include your receiving address on your next reply where the hard copy of your payment draft will be sent to you.
God bless you as i wait for your update soonest.
Mr Adeniji Olu
Head, International Bills and Settlement,
Central Bank of Nigeria

Anti-fraud resources: