fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "into your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "waiting for your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "foreign exchange" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Rocketmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Kayode Tokunboh" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 15 Feb 2011 06:49:35 -0800 (PST)
Subject: AUTOMATIC STOP ORDER ON THE RELEASE OF YOUR OUTSTANDING PAYMENT.
FEDERAL MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
MARINA, P.M.B. 125157, LAGOS .
KAYODE TOKUNBOH (SAN).
Attorney General/Honorable Minister of Justice.
Â Â Â
AUTOMATIC STOP ORDER ON THE RELEASE OF YOUR OUTSTANDING PAYMENT.
Be dully informed that with immediate effect under my capacity as the Attorney General/Honourable Minister of State, your payment has been stopped automatically.
This action was been necessitated due to the fact that your so-called Nigerian representatives refused to pay me my service/professional fees after assisting them to Legalize/Process the Final Release of your Outstanding Payment with this Ministry (Federal Ministry of Justice). I also wrote a letter of recommendation to the Federal Ministry of Finance for Foreign Exchange Allocation to your Company and you as the Fund Beneficiary based on the bogus promises that were been made to me by your so called Nigerian representatives.
In fact, I want you to know categorically that I am the one who has been making it very difficult for you to receive your payment after you have fulfilled all the basic requirements in other to enable you receive your rightful payment because your partners made a promised to me that they did not fulfill. I will also advise you for your best interest to stop spending any more money in pursuance to this payment until this matter/issue is been resolved otherwise, you will end up loosing your hard earned money without any success.
Due to the humanitarian feelings I have, in fact I have tried my best to invite your partners to my Honourable office for the reconciliation of this matter amicably but they bluntly refused and told me that they can get this payment effected into your nominated bank account without my consent after all the assistance I have given to them and which they have not been able to do/achieve up till now.
I have decided to contact you directly to settle this matter once and for all so that I can lift the STOP ORDER being placed on your payment for the immediate credit into your nominated bank account if you will be willing to cooperate with me. Donât forget, no payment whether contract payment or next of Kin/Inheritance fund leaves the offshore of this great country (Federal Republic of Nigeria) without my signature. Therefore, you should not be deceived by anybody who might ask you to send money to him in order to enable him release your payment. A WORD IS GOOD ENOUGH FOR A WISE!
I hope you will understand and act swiftly as I will continue to watch you with one of my eyes open. This is between you and I now as your representatives have failed you so you are advice to come direct for this issue.
Â Â Â Â
Waiting for your urgent response.
Mr. Kayode Tokunboh (San).Â
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