fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Danielle Kuyper" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 16 Feb 2011 14:26:27 +0100
Subject: Winning Notifications
DAYZERS NEDERLAND ONLINE LOTTERY:
DAYZERS NEDERLANDS: PALEISSTRAAT 5,2514ja,
THE HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS
OFFICE WEBSITE: www.dayzers.nl,
RESULT MONTH OF FEBRUARY, SWEEPSTAKES PROGRAM:
Our Dear winner,
Congratulations your email is among the seven lucky winners that won 1,000.000.00. (One Million, Euro) each in the just concluded draw held to promote dayzers lottery, Sponsored by MICROSORF AND HEINEKEN BREWERIES Amsterdam, for prize claiming, Contact dayzers claims department
Tel: +31 684 973 575
Dayzers claims department
Contact the claims department on their telephone number +31 684 973 575 or email the department on (email@example.com ) and also provide the following information
Your verification, while quoting: (1) Your full name(s) and nationality ;( 2) your winning information; (3)telephone number.
These are your winning informations:
TICKET NUMBER: DZNL 492 - 714 - 027 / 2006
LUCKY NUMBER: 09, 22, 36, 61, 63, 79, 84
ONLINE REF NO: 0035/02/2008
BATCH NUMBER: DTOW 1396 62U7A
Remember, all winning must be claimed not later than 20 days of this notification,
Mrs. Danielle Kuyper.
Please. Reply to (firstname.lastname@example.org ) for the processing of your winning amount.
Official Website: www.dayzers.nl,