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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jose Fenandez" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 20:04:09 +0100
Subject: Business Proposal.

Esq. Jose Fenandez Lopez.

I decided to contact you for a business transaction to transfer funds for Investment purpose I am an Attorney/Adviser to an expatriate and a consultant with a Franch oil company, NOCOZOIL (Now deceased). He died in the Tsunami disaster on 26th December 2004 while on vacation in Thailand.

Six years ago, My Client successfully executed a contract for the Spanish government worth US$16.5 million dollars. A part payment of USD8.million dollars was paid to my client, while the balance of USD8.5 million Dollars was still unpaid before my client died in the Indian Ocean Tsunami disaster.

However, all my efforts to locate the possible next of kin proved abortive. Until his sudden demise, He was not married and was 44years old.

The government of Spain is fully paying all foreign contractors who have successfully executed their contracts and my client is among those to Benefited in this first quarter payment schedule, which has already been deposited in his bank.

As his personal attorney/Adviser, his bank has officially notified and instructed me to forward particulars of my client's next of kin within the shortest time possible so that he/she can be paid the outstanding USD8.5 Million dollars otherwise his payment will be diverted to the government coffers account as unclaimed bill. I have determined to work this deal out if we can do business.

This deal is worth taking and highly profitable. If you are interested to work with me in this deal please do send me your full name ( s ) and complete contact information including your telephone numbers to enable me have a voice conversation with you, Please reply to my personal email address: { }.

Thank you for your time and attention.

Esq. Jose Fenandez Lopez.
{Legal Adviser}.

Anti-fraud resources: