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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paypal European program selection" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 18 Feb 2011 05:33:03 +0700

Atten Sir:Madam!!

This is to notify you that this e-mail address was entered during the Paypal European selection Draw 7th Febuary 2011 has won the sum €950.000.00 Euros.(NINE Hundred And FIFTY Thousand Euros)
The online draws was For claim please contact the below company for immediate process of your
claim; Rememebr to quote these numbers below for verification by the company. REF: 5687SPL876 and BATCH: SPYU6868 you should include Your
Name, Address, Sex, Age, Occupation,Nationality, Phone Number

DR.DAVID OWENS (Claim Director)

Dr.Maria Jose Muyor
Paypal Europe Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: