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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "obdulio bernal" <>
Date: Wed, 23 Feb 2011 07:23:14 -0600
Subject: Immediate response needed.

Hello, my name is Malabo Abdul-Karim,i am a lawyer to formal President
Mubarak of Egypt, please i am seeking your assistance to help me secure
$8.2 million dollars which has been frozen in
Switzerland.( )Respond to this email: if you are capable to handle this transaction and
your service will be paid for.

Malabo Abdul-Karim

Anti-fraud resources: