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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Samuel Kwesi Dickson" <>
Date: Thu, 10 Mar 2011 16:12:13 -0800 (PST)
Subject: Hello Dear,

Hello Dear,

This is Mr. Samuel Kwesi Dickson Works Manager, of Ghana Cement Works Ltd, Tema in Ghana.

I have an offer which I want us to discuss the details of the execution with you.

Could you send me your contact address and phone number so that I can send you mail as well as discuss the details with you because the internet has been abused and it is no longer safe for legitimate business offers.

I shall be expecting your response.

My regards,

Mr. Samuel Kwesi Dickson

Works Manager

Ghana Cement Company Ltd

Tema – Ghana

Anti-fraud resources: