fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr John Kenneth." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 11 Mar 2011 06:40:26 -0800 (PST)
Subject: ATTN; Beneficiary,
We have concluded to effect your compensation payment $1.2 Million dollars through western union today, but the maximum amount you will be receiving each day starting from tomorrow is $5,000.00 daily until the funds is completely transferred. Kindly contact western union Agent with his contact information.
Western union Agent: Mr. Patrick Wilfred
Phone:+229-98 34 74 99
Today $5000 dollars has been posted across by Mr. Patrick Wilfred in your favor. So kindly contact him immediately through their email and ask him to give you the payment Text Question/Answer to pick the $5,000.00.
However, you are required to forward the following information below to their email address for immediate payment of your USD $1.2 million Dollars.
1. Full Name
2. Residential Address
5. Direct Telephone Numbers
6. A Copy of Your Identification
You will be contacted by Western Union in the next 24 hours as soon as you forward your required information to their email address(email@example.com).
Mr. John Kenneth.