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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jianling,Wang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2011 11:05:27 +0100
Subject: Urgent message for you.

Hi, My name is Mrs Wang Jianling, I sent you an email to inform you of the urgent need for us to collaborate in legitimate business but I didn’t get any response, below is the email. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------From: Subject: Urgent message for you Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2011 22:38:32 -0800

I am Jianling (Head, Investment Banking) Xiamen International Bank, Xiamen, China. I'm getting in touch with you regarding a business deal worth US$47 Million in my control which will be executed under a legitimate arrangement.

I am contacting you independently and will intimate you more about myself and details of the project if and when I receive your response. Kindly get back to me on my private email if you are interested in partnering with me on this project. Contact me via my private email:

Mrs Jianling Wang.

Anti-fraud resources: