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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Daniel Estevez" <>
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2011 22:24:19 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: Your Unclaimed Prize.

I am Mr.Daniel Estevez, The Operations Manager of the the Euromillions
Lottery® , Madrid. I have contacted you based on a proposal that is worth
£110 Million British Pounds of an unclaimed Lottery winning within my
possession. I am willing to issue you 40% of the total sum if you agree to
my proposal. If you are willing, kindly reply to my private email on:
and further information and procedures concerning this proposal would be
issued to you confidentially.

I await your prompt response.

Mr.Richard El Suarez

Anti-fraud resources: