fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Tsai-Yuan Lin" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2011 15:50:57 +0100
Subject: confidential bussiness proposal
I am Mr.Tsai-Yuan Lin, Director of Operations and Head Wealth Management Division of Taiwan Business Bank (TBB) Taipei, Taiwan. I got your contact email from the human resource profile database on your country after due consideration believing you are highly respected personality to carry out this lucrative transaction with.
I have a business proposal amounting to $11 Million USD from my bank. Should you be interested in working with me on this project, do indicate your interest by sending me your full contact details.
I would prefer you reach me via my personal email address:
Once I hear from you, I immediately will provide you with further information on logistics of having this fund moved.