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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Emmanuel Annan" <>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2011 16:31:00 +0100 (BST)

Dear Sir/Madam,

Ghana Purchasing Commission has launched 2011 Rural Development Project (RDP) to achieve these; Fund has been set aside to covered payment for the supply. About Seventy Two (72) items were listed to be purchased in large quantity.

If you can supply any of the products to the Ghana Purchasing Commission after Advance payment, reply immediately, so that I will give you more details including the Quantity Port of Delivery and Terms of Payment.

You cannot supply  more than three (3) items.

Reply directly to my email:( )
You are Free to call me on +233 548 282 133 for more detail of the tender.

I am a commission agent.

Best Regards,

Dr.Emmanuel Annan
Emanalink Resources Ghana Ltd
#25 Kwame Nkruma Avenue
Tel:+233-548-282 133

Anti-fraud resources: