fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs Adara Dahab Abdullah" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2011 21:16:51 +0800
My name is Mrs Adara Dahab Abdullah,i am a widow currently in the hospital undergoing treatment for cancer of the esophagus.I am writing you with heavy tears in my heart because my doctor have informed me that i have less than 3 months to live.In view of this,i am in search of a reliable person who will use my fund to build an orphanage home for the saint and less previledge.I grew up as an orphan and I don,t have a family member or friend to trust to take care of this project.The person will take 20% of the total fund to help facilitate the project while 80% will go for the charity project.I will provide you with detailed information once you indicate your willingness.
Mrs Adara Dahab Abdullah