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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms. Linda Adam" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 23 Apr 2011 02:38:03 -0700
Subject: Please contact: Dr. Salah Hussain.

Good Day.

I have been trying to reach you, while I was going through some outstanding unpaid / unclaimed payment general file we have discovered USD$7.8 Million Dollars issued in your name for some weeks now.

If I may ask why you did refused to claim it or are you not aware that you have some amount of money here belonging to you. I will advice you to Contact International Payment Bureau immediately in the next 72hrs with the following information below:

Your full Name:
Your Address:
Tel/Cell Phone:

Please contact: Dr. Salah Hussain
Payment Release Department
International Payment Bureau
Phone: +44 7856050040

I am waiting to hear from you, if you are the correct owner of this email address.

Yours Truly
Ms. Linda Adam
The Secretary
International Payment Bureau.

Anti-fraud resources: