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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " Barr. Francis Lim" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 27 Apr 2011 16:40:43 +0800
Subject: Dear Friend

I am Barr.Francis Lim,a lawyer by profession I am soliciting your involvement in a deal that will be of great mutual benefits between us.which worth the sum of US$9,500,000.00 Be also assured that this deal is 100% risk free.I guarantee that this transaction will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.. All I require is your honest co-operation and utmost CONFIDENTIALITY to enable us see this business through.Please, get in touch with me via email to enable us discuss further about the details of this transaction..Send your response to my private email address:
Yours truly,
Barr. Francis Lim

Anti-fraud resources: