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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Collins Richard" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 1 May 2011 15:02:10 -0800
Subject: How are you?


I am Eng.Collins Richard Retired Mariner Director ,here in London , England .However, I have already sent you this same letter by post one month ago, but I am not sure that the letter promptly get to you since I have not heard from you, now I am
resending it again. I want to trust this investment fund in your care, It will be in my interest to transfer this fund worth of 9.5M United states Dollars(Nine Million Five
hundred thousand United States Dollars ) in an account offshore. Can you be my partner? Regards and respect, please kindly get back to me, And tell me your opinion.

Eng. Collins Richard.

Anti-fraud resources: