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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Uria Menendez Abogados" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 14 May 2011 20:44:54 +0800
Subject: Business Appraisal.

Barr. Luis de Carlos.

I decided to contact you for a business transaction to transfer funds for Investment purpose I am an Attorney
/Adviser to an expatriate and a consultant with a France oil company, NOCOZOIL (Now deceased). He died
in the Tsunami disaster on 26th December 2004 while on vacation in Thailand.

Six years ago, My Client successfully executed a contract for the Spanish government worth US$16.5 million
dollars. A part payment of USD$8 million dollars was paid to my client, while the balance of USD$8.5 million
Dollars was still unpaid before my client died in the Indian Ocean Tsunami disaster.

However, all my efforts to locate the possible next of kin proved abortive. Until his sudden demise, He was not
married and was 44years old.

The government of Spain is fully paying all foreign contractors who have successfully executed their contracts
and my client is among those Benefited in this first quarter payment schedule, which has already been deposited
in his bank.

As his personal attorney/Adviser, his bank has officially notified and instructed me to forward particulars of my
client's next of kin within the next 14 official working days so that he/she can be paid the outstanding
USD$8.5 Million dollars otherwise his payment will be diverted to the government coffers account as unclaimed
bill. I have determined to work this deal out if we can do business.

This deal is worth taking and highly profitable. Upon your response send your full name and contact telephone
numbers to enable me have a voice conversation with you, Please reply to my personal email address:
{ } OR { }

Thank you for your time and attention.

Luis De Carlos.
{Attorney At Law}

Anti-fraud resources: