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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Anuar Bin Ghani" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 15 May 2011 00:35:41 +0800
Subject: I Await Your Reply...


This letter might come to you as a surprise but it is coming with the best of intentions and will be of mutual benefit to all the parties involved.

I am an associate to the first son of Gaddafi, the Libyan President, hereafter referred to as my client.

I am writing to solicit your assistance to secure funds that are already in Asia with a security company. The fund in question is in a total of $60,000,000 (sixty Million United States Dollars) in $100 bills and stashed in four trunk boxes and was shipped out of Libya through a diplomatic means by a security company and they are not aware of the real content of the boxes for security reasons.

The boxes are already in Asia and under the custody of a security company. For your assistance in getting the boxes out from the security company and securing the funds, we will give you 20% of the total fund.

NOTE: There is no risk involved in this project because I am involved as my Client’s confidant. Therefore contact me immediately on ( for further directives. Please you should keep this transaction a top secret as we are prepared to do more business with you pending your approach towards this project. I await your urgent response.



Anti-fraud resources: