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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Tony. Cole" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 15 May 2011 01:37:12 +0800
Subject: *Assalaamu alaykum**

*Assalaamu alaykum*

Dear Sir/Madam :

My name Tony.F.Cole. A deceased client of mine, that shares the same last name as yours, who died as a result of car accident and later died of internal bleeding On the 21st of April 2005. I have contacted you to assist in distributing the money left behind by my client Nineteen Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars (US$19,500,000.00) is lodged in the bank before they get confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank. Regards TonyF.cOLE:

Anti-fraud resources: