fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fiduciary agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Swiss Lotto Netherlands" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 18 May 2011 14:40:17 +0200
Subject: CONTACT YOUR CLAIM AGENT FOR YOUR WINNING PRIZE
CONGRATULATIONS!!!.....YOU HAVE WON 850,000.00 EURO
You have been awarded 850,000.00 Euros in the SWISS LOTTO NETHERLANDS in which e-mail addresses are picked randomly by Software powered by the internet through the World Wide Web.
Your email address was amongst those chosen this year for the SWISS LOTTO NETHERLANDS. And this promotion is proudly sponsored by the SWISS LOTTO NETHERLANDS organization.
Your email address, attached to Ticket Number 641-9830170/OPK, Reference Number NLD-BBO/11217/2532, Serial Number 25081203 drew the Lucky Numbers 7-12-01-17-98-25-323, and consequently won the lottery in the first Category. You have therefore been approved for a lump sum pay out of 850,000.00 Euro.
Please note that your lucky winning number falls within our European Booklet representative office in Europe. In View of this, your 850,000.00 Euro will be released to you by our fiduciary agent in Europe. Our European agent will immediately commence the process to facilitate the release of your lottery winning prize as soon as you contact them.
All participants were selected randomly from the World Wide Web through computer draw System and extracted from over 100,000,000 email addresses.
This promotion takes place annually. For security reasons, you are advised to keep your winning details confidential till your claims is processed and your winning prize remitted to you in whatever option you choose to Claim your winning prize. This is part of our precautionary measure to avoid double claiming and unwarranted abuse of this program by some unscrupulous elements.
To file for your claim, please contact our fiduciary agent:
Fiduciary Agent: Mr. Marzeen Gluvart
Tel: +31- 61-653-9963
Provide him with the information below.
3. Marital Status:
8. Country of Residence:
9. Telephone Number:
10. Fax Number:
11. Ticket Number:
12. Reference Number:
13. Serial Number:
14. Lucky Numbers:
These details facilitate the release process of your lottery winning prize; to avoid unnecessary delays and complications in the processing of your lottery winning prize, always remember to quote your Ticket, Reference, Serial and Lucky Number in all your correspondences with us or our designated agent.
Congratulations once again from all members and staff of this promotional program and Thank you for being part of our lottery program this year.
Online Games Director
SWISS LOTTO NETHERLANDS ,
Maerlandtweg 35, 2921 LC,
Krimpen Aan Den Ijssel , Netherlands .