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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Reply-To: <>
Subject: I Need Your Urgent Response.

I humbly crave your indulgence in sending you this email, Before I proceed I would like to introduce my self to you.
My name is Mr. Elias Nkasah. a licensed attorney here in Accra,Ghana. I have an urgent and confidential business preposition for you that will benefit both of us.
The opportunity I present to you today I consider a "GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY" golden because this kind of opportunity is rare and does not come everyday, so, I am grabbing it with both hands.
To go straight to my point, I have with me here in Accra,Ghana Alvis Nana Dabo son of late Baciro Dabo presidential candidate and a former Defense Minister who was killed on Friday 5Th June by soldiers in Guinea-Bissau who accused him of plotting a coup “ you can see that on BBCNEWS”
Before his father's death he deposited about $20,000.000.00 with a Bank here  in Accra, Ghana for his presidential campaign which he use Alvis as the next of kin, right now the son is here in Accra to get the fund transferred outside this country, so considering the circumstance at hand he want to use a foreigner to get this fund transferred so we seek you assistance to present you as Alvis friend to get this fund transferred and you will be highly compensated.
The fund in question is $20, 000, 000, 00 (Twenty Million United State dollars) and you will be entitled to 20% of the total fund. I was close to his late father and with my experience as a lawyer I will make sure every document is authentic so that the transaction will be 100% risk free.
I need an urgent response from you if you are interested in this deal then I will send you the procedure.
Best personal regards,
Mr. Elias Nkasah

Anti-fraud resources: