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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "From Mrs. Victoria Gbagbo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 Jun 2011 13:03:28 -0700
Subject: Re: Hello


I am Mrs.Victoria Gbagbo sister to the former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo and the personal assistant to his wife, Mrs Simone Gbagbo, because of the political pressure and crisis my brother and family is currently facing from the US government and the United Nations in this Country now as a result of the November 2010 Presidential Election here in Ivory Coast.

I have decided to honestly confide in you with the instruction given to me by my brother and the
wife after their arrest, to seek for the co-operation of a neutral and reputable person to receive the sum of $5.million US Dollars which a private security company here has already helped my family to lodge it with their security company in Ghana which is the closest country.

where they can move the funds to immediately cause we share a common border.

I am contacting you now based on confidence and trust I have for you to assist me in this timely project and I wait you’re sincere and genuine considerations to this proposal to enable me give you further information regarding this fund and the arrangement.

Note: Kindly keep this proposal as top secret and confidential until it is successfully concluded due to our family name please as I wait your urgent response to this message.

Yours sincerely,
Mrs. Victoria Gbagbo

Anti-fraud resources: