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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Miss Gabriella Valbert" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 23 Jul 2011 07:34:00 -0700
Subject: Important Message From Miss Gabriella Valbert

Hello Our Dearest,
Warmest greetings to you.We know that our mail will be surprising to you
since you do not know me and my brother. Please, we are very sorry if we
disturb your privacy. We really wish to contact you for a business
venture which we intend to establish with you.
The reason why we have contacted you this way is because of the urgency
needed and pressure which we are now facing to find some one to help us
including the political crisis here. Our Late father before he died
deposited a huge amount Five Million,Seven Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars (US$5.7Million) in one of the leading bank here in Abidjan Cote
d'Ivoire. I and my younger brother are looking for your help to guide us
on how this money will be transferred abroad so that we can move out of
here to continue our education in your country while you take charge of
the investment with this money.
We are humbly seeking your godly assistance in the following ways; To
provide an  account into which this money would be transferred and to
serve as a guardian of this money since we are Orphans and still very
If you can be of an assistance to us,we will be pleased to offer to you
30% Of the total money. Please,we are waiting for your response urgently
so that we can discuss more with you.
God Bless you abundantly
Yours Sincerely,
Miss Gabriella and Chris Valbert

Anti-fraud resources: