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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.David Lee" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 23 Jul 2011 19:10:39 +0200
Subject: Dear Beneficiary,Get Back To Me For More Details!

Dear Beneficiary,

I hope that this correspondence is received with the urgency and expediency

It has come to the notice of the Board of Trustees at the CBN that your
present inheritance claims application being handled by the Remmitting Bank
in Nigeria is experiencing some man made irregularities.To this effect,it
has become neccesary for the Board of Trustees to invite trained Fund
Transfer Specalists from the United States to resolve and regularize your
fund release with immediate effect.

We at David Lee & Associates have been duly consulted by the CBN Board of
Trustees and have been fully informed about how the staff of the remmitting
bank have been taking advantage of you by telling you to pay unneccesarily
exhorbitant charges which will only make your fund payment a long drawn out

Due to this we have decided to step into the process of your fund transfer
to enable your funds to be transfered within the soonest possible time you
are to get back to us immediatly without needing to pay all the huge sums of
monies that are being demanded from you by the remmitting bank.
All proccesses to have your funds paid to you imediately through the CBN's
Laison Remmittance Office in New York have been initiated to cut out
unneccesary costs.You are advised to keep this communication highly
confidential as the CBN Board of Trustees have asked us to resolve this
fund payment independent of the office of the CBN Gorvernor to identify the
principal participants in this unethical payment procedure.

Furthermore,you are hereby advised to pay no furtherfees or charges to the
Remmitting Bank in Nigeria as they shall no longer be handling your payment

We shall await your immedite correspondence with your direct telephone
numbers for re-confirmation to to my confidential email address
at( that we may conclude your payment immediately.

Yours Sincerely,
Dr.David Lee
David Lee & Associates c/o CBN.

Anti-fraud resources: