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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jerry Lehman" <>
Date: Sat, 23 Jul 2011 12:51:17 -0430


I need assistance in collecting debts and sundry credits owed him. The
offer is part time. I am always in out and out of the country and I need
someone who will assist in collecting debts owed me. I am involved in
portfolio management, credit extensions and lending services.

Payment will be sent to you via Pay pal, No checks, no money orders.

Alternatively, holders of checking account at any of the following banks
are eligible to participate:

[1] PayPal [2] ALLY BANK [3] FNBO DIRECT
[10]Providentdirect [11] CNBBankDirect [12]OnBank
[13]EverBank [14]Nationwide Bank [15]One United [16]HSBC
(17)Any Credit Card

If you are willing to be one of the debt collecting personnel, all you
have to do is say "Yes" and indicate any of the listed bank(s) that you
have and you will be told what to do to receive the funds electronically
into your account without exposing your account information on the

SALARY: $1,000 monthly (Payable up front).

This is a part time offer and there is no financial commitment from your end.

You must have a Pay Pal or any of the listed account to participate.

As always,

Jerry Lehman

Anti-fraud resources: