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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Donald. Kaberuka." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 27 Jul 2011 01:29:44 +0100

From the Desk of Dr Donald. Kaberuka
African Development Bank.
Telephone: +234-8027752806
Fax +234 8091932240
For Your Attn: Beneficiary (Ref No: 555)
         How are you and your families today? I hope all is well with you and your families over there, however, I am pleased to inform you that the management of African Development Bank Plc. has resolve to pay my flight ticket to your country, so that I will personally deliver your parcel (ATM Visa Card) worth
US$10,000.000.00 to your doorstep, as I have promised to do my best in order that you receive your ATM Card without any further delay.
However, you are required to reconfirm the following information to avoid mistake during the delivery
Your full Name---------------
Contact address---------------
Telephone numbers------------
Copy of your ID Card-----------
Also my flight is Saturday this week so I expect you to comply before then so that the delivery can be completed. If you do not comply, then it will not be my fault if you do not receive your package.
For security purpose(s), regarding this fund, you are to cut all correspondence(s) with any other party or individual that is not approved by this office. This advice is for your own good for the successful completion of your payment.
I hereby issue you a security code (555). If you do not see this code in the subject line of all correspondence to you, please ignore and do not respond.
Call me + 2348027752806
Yours sincerely,
Dr. Donald Kaberuka.
African Development Bank.

Anti-fraud resources: