fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "a security company " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Miss.Amina ngoma." <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 29 Jul 2011 09:36:28 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: From Miss.Amina ngoma.
>From Miss.Amina ngoma.
Although I have never seen you before but I believe that we can do things together. Actually, this medium (internet) has been greatly abused, I choose to reach you through it because it still remains one of the fastest medium of communication.
I am Amina ngoma; from Nigeria. I have a the sum $7.5 Million Dollars
I inherited from my late father which he deposited in a security company in Nigeria, l wish to invest with you in your country.We will discuss in details on how to carry on with this project when you write back.
Esta mensagem foi verificada pelo sistema de antivírus e
acredita-se estar livre de perigo.