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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2011 07:13:35 -0300
Subject: Hello friend

Hello friend,
I am sgt henning hansen. I am with the Engineering unit here in Ba'qubah Iraq
for the United States, we have some amount of funds that we want to
move out of
the country.
I need a good and reliable person, we can trust to actualize this dream. The
money is from oil proceeds and its legit. We intend moving it by diplomatic
means to you or to a safe and secured location of your choice.I shall however
leave out other details of this transaction untill I receive an affirmation of
your desire to participate. Please contact me on my personal email address
below for more
For more details please visit
Many Thanks
Sgt henning hansen.

Anti-fraud resources: