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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "investment Funds" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 27 Jul 2011 19:23:07 +0800
Subject: business proposal

Complement of the day,
Although you might be apprehensive about my email as we have not met before,My name
is Mr Song Lile I work with the Hang Seng Bank.I have a business proposal in the
tune of $19.5m to be transferred to an offshore account with your assistance. Once
the funds have been transferred to your nominated bank account we shall then share
in the ratio of 70% for me, 30% for you.Should you be interested Please treat this
business with utmost Confidentiality and send me the following:
Full names,
private phone number,
current residential address,
Finally after that I shall provide you with more details, my email address is You can reach me on my mobile +85295348675. I will
await your telephone call.
Kind Regards,
Mr. Song Lile.

Anti-fraud resources: