fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transfer into your account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "DAVID H. ROD" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 5 Aug 2011 14:13:45 -0700
Subject: RE: Lloyd's TSB LONDON COMPENSENTION ON LOSSES TO FRAUDSTERS AND ONLINE LOTTERY SCAM (Download the Attached Letter)
Lloyd's TSB LONDON
399 OXFORD STREET LONDON W1C 2BU
TEL: +44 792 451 4727
FAX: +44 700 592 1363 4th August 2011
RE: COMPENSENTION ON LOSSES TO FRAUDSTERS AND ONLINE LOTTERY SCAM
This is to officially inform you that the sum of US$500,000:00 has been approved for transfer into your account, this is the outcome of a meeting between the Government of Nigeria and the Metropolitan Police London, to compensate you on your losses to Fraudsters in Nigeria and Online Lottery scam here in UK, You are therefore advised to contact our Executive Director, Foreign Operations, Mr. David Rod whose photograph is attached for security reason, on his Tel: No: +44 792 451 4727, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org for more directives. Equally, note that you may be required to forward your bank informations including copies of your international passport or driving license for identification. We would appreciate your urgent response regarding the above informations, as this will enable our bank to treat with urgency. Note: call me as soon as you receive this Email message on my telephone. And for security reasons whenever you call me always ask whoever that picks the phone to reconfirm my telephone
This must be made clear to you, that there is no prepayment, you are not going to pay any charges/tax.
Thanks for your cooperation.
DAVID H. ROD
Foreign Operations Manager Lloyds TSB LONDON