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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Tsatsu Tsikata" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 5 Aug 2011 16:21:54 -0700

Dear Future Partner,

This is Dr.Tsatsu Tsikata, Former Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC).I have a Business Proposal for your consideration. The sum of $72million which was concealed and deposited in a 5 Treasure Boxes with a Private Security Firm in Ghana need to be evacuated out of the Country as soon as possible. If you are interested, I will make you the Beneficiary of the Funds and will have the Funds moved out of the Country in your name as the Owner and directly to your confident Bank Account. Our Sharing Ration is 50:50.Email me your telephone number for discussion of this offer in full detail. I look forward to hearing from you shortly.

Thank you.

Dr.Tsatsu Tsikata

Anti-fraud resources: