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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mustafa Gheriani" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 6 Aug 2011 06:30:15 -0300
Subject: Gooday,


I am Mustafa Gheriani a security officer to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.

I want you to help me in receiving a parcel containing $45Million (Forty Five Million United States Dollars) in cash.

Due to the recent crisis here in Libya, i decided to smuggle the money out of a save to send it outside Libya.

Please if you can do this deal with me in trust and one mind, please send your full name, mobile phone number and direct contact address.

I will send my friend to come to any country you are to deliver the parcel to you as a special gift and it must be confidential for security reasons.

After the crisis in Libya, i will come to your country to share the money with you which i will give you 30% of the total sum. My friend will stay with you in your country after delivering the parcel to you until the end of the crisis here in Libya. Please i beg you to take good care of him.

Please if you are interested, contact me immediately!

Yours Sincerely
Email: (
Mustafa Gheriani

Anti-fraud resources: