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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: next of kin <>
Date: Sat, 6 Aug 2011 11:37:56 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: next of kin

next of kin
ken david Deposit($55.M)in Union Bank Nigeria plc.ken david died
in (May his soul rest in peace) with his entire family during the Iraq war in
2006 by the U.S Bomb Explosion,Nobody were officially interested to stand for
the claim as the next of kin to the Release the fund.get back to me for more
Barrster Johson Eze

Anti-fraud resources: