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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" <>
Date: Sat, 6 Aug 2011 04:05:33 -0700
Subject: Investment - From E. Dadoza

Attn; Dearest One


I know this message
will come to you as a surprise as we do not know each other before now.
However, I believe this will open partnership investment door for us.
Before I proceed, I would like to introduce myself as Mr. Edem Dadoza,
Accountant, heading account section, with National Trust Holding Company
in Ghana.

We are Co-operate Financial Service Company in
West Africa. We had a customer who deposited Thirteen million eight
hundred United State dollars and 117 kilograms of Gold with us and
eventually died in his trip in Libya without any reference to a next of
kin. For more information check below,

accordance with the British Trust and Federal Laws "BTL026", at the
expiration of 2 years and 8 months, her investments with our Financial
Trust Authority may revert to ownership of the government of the
country, if nobody applies as the next of kin to claim the investments.

contacted you with trust to present you as the next of kin to the
decease so that you and I with the less privilege can benefit from this
investment and avoid government confiscating it into their treasure. I
guarantee you that this will be executed under legitimate arrangement
that will protect us from any breach of the law to transfer the said
amount 13.8million USD with consignment box of Gold.

If you
accept this proposal, kindly furnish me with your personal details
information. I will instruct you on the next procedure to take with
other details of the funds and gold. Both of us upon acceptance on this
business deal will reach the sharing percentage between the less
privileges and us.

My details data will be giving to you upon receipt of your reply.

Please reply to my direct email;,

Yours Faithfully,

Mr. D. Edem ,
Chief Accountant,
National Trust Holding Company,
reply to email;

Anti-fraud resources: