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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Central Bank Governor" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 15 Aug 2011 16:00:26 +0100
Subject: Immediate Payment/Transfer Of $25,500,000.00 Email or Call +234-802-037-7660

Attn: Honorable Beneficiary

I write to infrom you that your outstanding contracts/inheritance and lottery Winning due for payment with the Federal Government of Nigeria, from 2000 till date your name and emails address was discovered as next on the list for payment of ($25.5M) and it has being processed and will be released to you as soon as you respond to this letter with your account details via email.

Mallam Sanusi Lamido Aminu Sanusi
Governor Central Bank of Nigeria [CBN]
DIRCT LINE +234-802-037-7660

Anti-fraud resources: