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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Charles Gbagbo <>
Date: Wed, 17 Aug 2011 04:53:40 -0700

I am the son of the formal President Laurent Koudou Gbagbo and my mother Simone

Gbagbo of Republic of Côte d'Ivoire who is facing house arrest since on the
April 11, 2011, I am actually looking for business partner who would assist me
invest what my father has shiped abroad with my name as the next of kin.

I would advise that you get back to me with your contact information’s for a
continues discussion as it is very imperative we discuss on phones more and less

Internet communication except if there is need , and I will appreciate that as
to seal of confidentiality of our discussions and enclose privacy with full
details of the transaction.
I look forward to hear from you

Best Regards,

Charles Gbagbo

please contact me on this email address:,

Anti-fraud resources: