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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joseph Robert <>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2011 17:40:42 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Hello Dear,

Hello Dear,
I am Joseph Robert Only Son of Mr. Pascal Robert the late Minister of petroleum of Ivory Coast I am 19 years old, before the death of my late father in my Country's political War he deposited the sum of ($2,000,000,00 million United State Dollars) in one of the commercial Banks, but now that he is dead I want to invest this money In your Country in any profitable business and I want you to help me receive this money in your account as my foreign partner and guardian, I will offer you 20% of the total money for your kind assistance to me after the successful transfer to your account; reply or call me at +22557009654, for more clarifications before we continue the transfer to your bank account,
Read this news in the website so that you will understand exactly what I am telling you about the War in my Country (
Looking forward to your urgent reply
Best Regards
Joseph Robert

Anti-fraud resources: