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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Tina David <>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2011 19:18:07 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Hello dear,

Hello dear,
My name is Miss Tina . i am
single and caring lady,  I am interested in knowing you and being
friendly with you. I would appreciate if we get acquainted as soon as
possible. You can
reach me through my private e-mail stated below so that we can get to
know each other better. My private e-mail: ( I
quite believe that we can start from here since it takes one to know
someone. I want you to understand that race or distance does not matter
but loving and caring matters a lot in life. I look forward to hear from
you soon. Yours truly,

Anti-fraud resources: