fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Mark THOMPSON <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2011 12:35:26 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: YOUR ATTENTION PLEASE!
YOUR ATTENTION PLEASE!
From: Mr. Mark Thompson
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
I am Mark Thompson, I have a business proposal of US$10,000,000.00 which I want you to handle with me from my bank as a beneficiary. If you are interested, please send me your full contact information as below and after that I will send to you the details of the business.
Also this matter should be a confidential between you and me and please delete it if you are not interested. You can as well find my personal information below;
Name: Mr. Mark Thompson
Occupation: Banker, Age: 53 years, Country: Burkina Faso, Address: 205 Ave. Kadiogo Rue de Gounghin Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
1. Full name:
2. Current Address:
3. Telephone N°:
Thank you for your anticipated co-operation.