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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr.Rohman Ludwig <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2011 20:10:49 -0400

COMMENT>This is HTML source of message you composed. Do not modify here. To modify this message press HTML Messages Editor button.
Dear Winner
Be Informed that Your 2011 GLOBE Foundation winners Award Bank Draft
worth(US$1.5 Million) allocated to your email address was converted to
Atm Visa Card and register with  Fedex courier Company  for
delivery.Contact  The Fedex Courier for delivery at
Attn:Goodluck Martins.Tel :+229-98 82 94 04
Mr.Rohman Ludwig
Zonal Co-ordinator
Globe Foundation       

Anti-fraud resources: